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Ministry of Economic Affairs R.O.C.(Taiwan)
Laws and Regulations Retrieving System

Print Time:113.05.28 06:28


Title: Regulations on the Management and Supervision of Preshipment Inspections Ch
Date: 2004.12.01
Legislative: 1.Proclaimed on May 12, 1999
2.Amended on December 01.2004

Article 1
These Regulations for Preshipment Inspections are enacted pursuant to the third paragraph of Article 20.1 
of the Foreign Trade Act (hereafter referred to as the Act).

Article 2
The competent authority, referred to in these Regulations as the Ministry of Economic Affairs and the 
Bureau of Foreign Trade (hereafter referred to as the BOFT), handle the administrative management for all 
inspection activities falling under these Regulations.

Article 3
The term “preshipment inspection entity” referred to in these Regulations (hereafter referred to as 
“inspection entity”) means an entity which is mandated by the importing governments to carry out 
preshipment inspection on goods being exported from this country to the importing country.

Article 4
The term “preshipment inspection” referred to in these Regulations means all checking and verification 
behavior carried out by preshipment inspection entities on goods which are being exported to the 
importing country related to the goods’ quality, quantity, price, or customs classification.

Article 5
Thirty days before an inspection entity begins to conduct inspections for the government of an importing 
country, the inspection entity must report in writing to the BOFT and attach a copy of the contract with 
the importing country’s government authorizing it to conduct inspection for reference.
Should any terms of this contract be altered, they must be reported to the BOFT for reference, within 
thirty days of the changes.
When submitting the above-mentioned contract information to the BOFT, if it is written in a foreign 
language, a translation of it into Chinese must also be attached.

Article 6
The procedures, standards, and manner of preshipment inspection, to be implemented by the inspection 
entities, must be extended to all exporters.

Article 7
Inspection entities must, on their own initiative, provide exporters with procedural information relating 
to the inspections. 
Exporters can also request the preshipment inspection entities to supply them with the following 
additional information:
1. A concrete description of the itemized inspection, its procedures, and standards.
2. Indexed reference materials on the preshipment inspection laws and regulations of the importing 
country’s government.
3. The regulations for appeal procedures set out in Article 15 to lodge complaints.
If the inspection entities alter or amend their inspection procedures and if, by the time at which the 
date of an inspection is arranged, the exporter has not yet been informed of this, then the exporter need 
not abide by such change in the procedures implemented in that inspection.

Article 8
When an inspection entity conducts inspection on quantity or quality, they must do so according to the 
standards set out in the agreement between the importer and the exporter. When there are no standards for 
this specified in their agreement, relevant international standards shall apply.

Article 9
Inspection entities shall only reject a contract price agreed between an exporter and an importer if they 
can demonstrate that their findings of an unsatisfactory price are based on a verification process 
conducted in conformity with the criteria set out in Articles 10 and 11 of these Regulations.

Article 10
When an inspection entity performs its verification of the contract price agreed between an importer and 
an exporter, the inspection must be conducted in accordance with the principles below. However if the 
government of the importing country has additional regulations, they shall also apply.
1. In checking the export price, the price used as the standard for comparison shall be from the same or 
nearly the same time period, on the same or a similar good exported from this country, come from 
competitive and comparable conditions of sale, be in conformity with customary commercial practices, and 
be a price after any standard discounts have been applied.
2. At the same time, the terms of the sales contract between the exporter and the importer and the 
following factors should be taken into consideration:
(1) the commercial level and quantity of the sale,
(2) delivery periods and conditions,
(3) quality specifications,
(4) special design features,
(5) special shipping or packing specifications,
(6) order size
(7) spot sales,
(8) seasonal influences,
(9) license or other intellectual property fees,
(10) other economic factors as deemed by the BOFT.
3. For the verification of transportation charges, the criterion used shall be that of the price of the 
mode of transport in this country agreed in the sales contract between the importer and the exporter.
The terms of price comparison in the foregoing items of these Regulations must be in accordance with the 
1. Only prices providing a valid basis of comparison shall be used, taking into account the relevant 
economic factors pertaining to the country of importation and a country or countries used for price 
2. At any stage during the checking of prices, the exporter must be given an opportunity to explain the 

Article 11
When an inspection entity performs its verification of the price agreed upon in the sales agreement or 
contract between the exporter and the importer, the following criteria shall not be used. If, however, 
the government of the importing country has additional regulations, they shall also apply.
1. The selling price in the country of importation of goods produced in that country.
2. The price of goods for export from a country other than this country.
3. The cost of production.
4. Fabricated or arbitrary prices or values.
5. The retail price in this country.

Article 12
Inspection entities shall handle all information received in the course of conducting inspections as 
confidential business if it is not already publicly announced, generally available to third parties, or 
otherwise already belongs to the public domain.
It is incumbent upon the inspection entity to submit to the BOFT in writing the procedures they have 
established for handling such confidential business information, and if they alter or amend them as well.

Article 13
Preshipment inspection entities shall not request exporters to supply the following information:
1. Any information related to the manner of manufacture which is patented, licensed, or undisclosed, or 
for which a patent is pending.
2. Technical information which has not been made public. However, such information which corresponds to 
the importing country’s or international technical regulations or standards shall not be limited by this 
3. Internal pricing, including manufacturing costs.
4. Profit levels.
5. Information from the contract between exporters and their suppliers. However, when the inspection 
cannot be carried out, if such contract information is not supplied, the exporter shall be requested to 
supply the information from that contract, which is within the scope of that which is needed for the 
inspection to proceed, to the inspection entity managing the inspection.

Article 14
In proceeding with the inspection of goods, preshipment inspection entities must avoid unreasonable 
Once an exporter and a preshipment inspection entity have agreed on an inspection date, unless the 
exporter, or some matter which cannot be resisted, prevents it, or both parties have mutually agreed 
otherwise, the inspection entity shall proceed with the inspection on this date.
Within 5 days of its having completed an inspection, the inspection entity must issue to either the 
importer or the exporter the Clean Report of Findings and when there isn’t a Clean Report of Findings, 
a detailed written explanation specifying the reasons for non-issuance shall be furnished instead. In the 
latter situation, the inspection entity shall also provide exporters with an opportunity to present their 
views in writing, and, if exporters so request, the inspection entity shall arrange for re-inspection at 
the earliest mutually convenient date. If however the government of the importing country has additional 
regulations, those regulations shall also apply.
When a Clean Report of Findings is found to have mistakes in it, the inspection entity must correct them 
and deliver the corrected information to the relevant authorities immediately.

Article 15
Inspection entities shall designate, at every one of their office locations, officials to receive and 
handle exporters’ appeals who shall be available to receive exporter grievances during normal business 
An exporter with an appeal must provide the designated official(s) with the facts concerning the specific 
transaction in question, the nature of the grievance and a suggested solution, in writing.
The designated officials of the first paragraph of this Article must, upon receiving the written 
complaint from an exporter, come to a decision on it as soon as possible.

Article 16
Inspection entities and exporters must seek to resolve any dispute by way of negotiation.
The following provision shall be effective starting from the date on which the World Trade Organization
(WTO)Agreements have gone into effect for the jurisdiction of the Republic of China region:
If an exporter has properly followed Article 15 of these Regulations to lodge a complaint and after two 
days the dispute is still unresolved, then, as in accordance with the WTO Preshipment Agreement, either 
party may proceed to turn the dispute over to be handled under independent review procedures.

Article 17
If a resolution is unreachable two days after exporters have filed a written complaint with an inspection 
entity, exporters can propose mediation by independent review. They can apply within 14 days to the BOFT 
in writing to propose mediation, in which case they also need to contact the inspection entity in this regard.
Within 2 days of an exporter and a preshipment inspection entity agreeing to proceed to mediation, the 
BOFT must establish a mediation panel to handle the dispute.

Article 18
The candidates eligible to be chosen for serving on a mediation panel shall be recommended by an 
organization representing importers and exporters, by an organization representing preshipment inspection 
entities, and by the BOFT, and the list of such candidates shall be updated bi-annually.
There shall be three panelists procured to sit on the mediation panel and the BOFT shall select them from 
the list of eligible candidates.
The BOFT shall also summon and appoint one other person to be present as the convener to handle the 
administration, documentation, and such work for the panel.
A panelist who has a personal interest with the outcome of the case must resign from and decline to sit 
on the panel. However if a disputant party on one side of the case knows that a panelist has an interest 
in the outcome of the case, this disputant party shall not be required by this provision to bring this to 
When a panelist refuses or is unable to proceed with the work of mediating for a panel, the BOFT must 
select a replacement panelist.

Article 19
The meeting of the mediation panel shall be convened and officiated by the convener.
The convener must, contact the mediation panelists and notify them of the meeting, within 2 days before 
the panel is to meet, unless there is some unavoidable reason preventing this.
The parties on both sides of the dispute must each be given fair and reasonable opportunity to state 
their views by the mediation panel, which when necessary, shall request the parties to supply 
documentation of relevant information.
A panel must complete the mediation within seven days, with at least two of the three panelists in 
agreement as to the suggestions of the panel as a result of the mediation. When necessary this time 
limit can be extended, but only once and not for more than another seven days, and both sides must 
be notified.

Article 20
As soon as the mediation panel comes to its decision as per the provisions of Article 19 above, it shall 
notify both parties in the dispute of their decision.
Both parties in the dispute shall then decide within seven days whether or not they accept the decision 
of the panel and notify the panel of this in writing.

Article 21
Mediation cases with any of the following situations must be terminated:
1. The two parties in the dispute have negotiated among themselves an agreed solution.
2. The mediation panel is unable to arrive at a decision or is unable to continue carrying on with the 
needs of mediation.
3. The party which applied for mediation withdraws its application.
When a case is thus terminated, the mediation panel must notify both sides in the dispute of this in 

Article 22
These Regulations become effective as of the date of promulgation.

Data Source:Ministry of Economic Affairs R.O.C.(Taiwan) Laws and Regulations Retrieving System